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Archive for October, 2014

Dr. Camille Crittenden introduced the work by her organization CITRIS (http://citris-uc.org/) which is a collaboration between four UC campus in the SF Bay area: Berkeley, Davis, Merced and Santa Cruz, on humanitarian technology innovations and applications, in four core initiatives:

  • Data and Democracy
  • Health care
  • i4Energy
  • Intelligent Infrastructures

IT4D_p20

Under those initiatives, Tech applications have been developed to solve problems in  various areas, e.g.,

  1. Human Rights
    • Crisis mapping, remote sensing, video, forensic analysis, DNA, demographic data collection & analysis
  2. Governance & Democracy
  3. Economic development
    • Microfinance through crowd-sourced loans (http://www.Kiva.org)
    • SMS – popular tool to support agricultural decision-making
  4. Healthcare
    • mHealth: mobile applications for remote diagnostics  and care, use of SMS for medical advice
  5. Infrastructure
  6. Monitoring & evaluation
    • Surveys, remote data collection for feedbacks

Innovative Technologies for participatory assessment, e.g.:

Current challenges include:

  • Poor literacy rates
  • Regional conflicts
  • Climate changes
  • Health emergencies – Ebola, H1N1 etc.
  • Uneven access to the Internet and ICTs across the World

Growing number of communities involving in ICT:

  • Research funded by government and private investors
  • New programs by:
    • USAID
    • UCB Blum center
    • Development Impact Lab
    • Development engineering
  • GHTC and similar conferences

For more information on CITRIS and their projects, please contact the speaker at:

ccrittenden@citris-uc.org

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Thank you everyone for attending and/or following us during the course of GHTC 2014. We could not have achieved so much without your support! See you in 2015!

GHTC Mission Complete

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Robert Melich, co-President of Agile3D Technology, has attended a lot of conferences.  A lot.  This was his first time at GHTC.  What did he experience and how does GHTC differ (in a good way) from other conferences on similar same topics.

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Co-authors:  Carlos Arteta,  Tingtin Zhu, Marco Pimentel, Mauro Santos, Joao Domingos, Ali Maraci,  Joachim Behar, Julien Oster – University of Oxford

  • Very low Physician-Patient proportion
  • Healthcare Spending  in 2002 < $40 per person/year
  • Healthcare not becoming more accessible today
  • How to get the technology to people?
    • unreliable supply chains & infrastructure
    •  info not portable
    • compliance
    • false alarm ~ 90%
    • human errors ~40% not atypical
  • mHealth solution
    • allow healthcare & non-healthcare expert to look at the info
    • low cost sensors
  • Use of non-expert opinion to assist in the diagnosis
    • For example,
      • Specific characteristics of ECG data can be determined based on crowd-sourced opinion
    • Well-designed algorithm is critical in filtering out noisy opinions

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Co-authors: Laurel Paul, Khanjan Mehta – Penn State University (HESE program)

  • Community Health Workers (CHW) are part of the sustainable solutions
  • Low cost devices are provided to CHW for diabetes detectiion
  • Goal of the project is to find the more effective approach for Knowledge Transfer and Exchange (KTE)
  • General challenges
    • Language barrier
    • Information overload
    • Mistrust
  • Oral communication based in developing world

Technical challenges
1) infrastructure & resource limitations

  • not constant power source all the time
  • no Wifi

2) security

  • not open to have record put on the computer

3) lack of expertise
4) start up cost

  • all monthly wages on a smart phone not feasible

5) equipment reliability and theft

  •  implemented project on the ground in Kenya
  • team of 4 students project: KTE in low resource settings

1) oral script to train locals

– mimics time spent between CHW with a household ~5 min hypertension risk factors basic

– provided paper visuals

2) ask followed up questions to patients after an hour

– Most of them cannot remember about numerical info but other health info

  • Try to see the most effective way to train them
    – need a trust relationship so train the local translator – mimics the CHW not the actual

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As we try to become a more sustainable conference, you won’t find any bottled water or soda cans here. Besides the usual fare (coffee, iced tea, water (dispenser, filtered)), today we have Horchata non-dairy rice drink and watermelon juice
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Here is Catherine Nelson, IEEE GHTC 2014 Chair, speaking about the amazing program on Day 2 including a very young speaker.  How young?  Find out below…

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